The most common tree in Sweden is a pioneer
Birch is what is known as a pioneer tree, growing after storms, forest fires or deforestation. Birch has a white trunk with black spots. There are around 60 different species of Birch. However, only three of these are indigenous to Sweden and only two of these are used for furniture and flooring: Silver Birch and White Birch. The various Birch species can interbreed with one another.
Birch is a monoecious plant. The male flowers — the catkins — spend the winter naked and look like little, 1” (2.5 cm) pods hanging on the tips of the branches of the naked Birch.
A tough survivor
A big part of the Birch tree can actually be consumed directly or processed. You can make a tea rich in vitamin C from the leaves. From the sap you can make syrup, similar to Maple syrup. The sap can also be fermented to make an alcoholic drink. The winter buds of the Birch can be eaten raw or boiled. When it comes to survival, the Birch is one of the 14 most important wild plant species.